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Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Risk Mitigation

Project 055: Strengthening cross-border capacity for control and detection of CBRN substances


While the movement of goods and people is constantly increasing, the risks posed by the CBRN threat are becoming more significant in the Sahelo-Saharan region. The FRONSEC project, launched in October 2016, aims to strengthen the controls and security of actors at the borders of partner countries in the area to mitigate these risks, by improving the cohesion of national services and the consistency of their actions.

At the crossroads of traditional trade routes of various kinds, the Sahel and Sahara regions are a major strategic issue. The porosity of certain borders and the use of goods or raw materials that may represent a CBRN risk can therefore create a risky situation.

Overall objective

The overall objective of the project will be to:

  1. Standardize legislative texts relating to CBRN security according to international standards on a regional way;
  2. Rely on the P63 program aimed at providing each country with the protection and detection equipment essential to partner countries to ensure the management of CBRN risks;
  3. Create a regional dynamic to strengthen border security through the training of security forces (controls of goods and people at borders, internal security and civil security) of partner countries.

Specific objectives

  1. To strengthen the national CBRN legal framework of the covered countries;
  2. To provide specialised and technical training to enhance CBRN preparedness and response capabilities for border security and cross border cooperation.


  1. Reviewing legislation, identification of gaps in this legislation with international laws and standards and its implementation;
  2. Identifying training centers;
  3. Developing an inventory of reference laboratories for the identification of detected CBRN substances;
  4. Training workshops and practical capacity building;
  5. Identifying local expertise for the identification of previously detected substances.


  • An inventory of internal legal bases dealing with CBRN has been completed and the recommendations disseminated;
  • Partner Countries have followed the training of trainers (online) to raise awareness about CBRN substances among target audiences (Customs, Gendarmerie, Police);
  • A two-day online theoretical training program on safety when controlling CBRN substances;
  • Initial training on procedures for the control and detection of CBRN materials at legal borders.
CBRN areas
  • Border control and monitoring
  • Illicit trafficking
  • Transit and trans-shipment control
CBRN categories
  • Chemical
  • Biological
  • Radiological
  • Nuclear
CoE Region
  • NAS - North Africa and Sahel
10 APRIL 2024
Project 055 Factsheet



European Commission


Expertise France - Agence Francaise D'expertise Technique Internationale (French public agency for international technical assistance) (AFETI)


Secrétariat général de la Défense et de la Sécurité nationale de France (Secretariat-General for National Defence and Security of France) (SGDSN)


This project is part of a pre-existing EU activity in the regions and has not resulted from the submission of a CoE project proposal. Due to the different origin of the project, not all countries involved are CoE partner countries.

** This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244/1999 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.

*** This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of the Member States on this issue.